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Articles 1  30 of 6762
FullText Articles in Physical Sciences and Mathematics
Shevtsov: Teaching Modeling To FirstYear Life Science Students: The Ucsc Experience, Martin H. Weissman
Shevtsov: Teaching Modeling To FirstYear Life Science Students: The Ucsc Experience, Martin H. Weissman
Annual Symposium on Biomathematics and Ecology Education and Research
No abstract provided.
From Ecology To Modeling Apps  Newts, Crayfish, And Slopes, Timothy Lucas
From Ecology To Modeling Apps  Newts, Crayfish, And Slopes, Timothy Lucas
Annual Symposium on Biomathematics and Ecology Education and Research
No abstract provided.
Human Capital At Home: Evidence From A Randomized Evaluation In The Philippines, Noam Angrist, Sarah Kabay, Dean S. Karlan, Lincoln Lau, Kevin M. Wong
Human Capital At Home: Evidence From A Randomized Evaluation In The Philippines, Noam Angrist, Sarah Kabay, Dean S. Karlan, Lincoln Lau, Kevin M. Wong
Education Division Scholarship
Children spend most of their time at home in their early years, yet efforts to promote human capital at home in many low and middleincome settings remain limited. We conduct a randomized controlled trial to evaluate an intervention which encourages parents and caregivers to foster human capital accumulation among their children between ages 3 and 5, with a focus on math and phonics skills. Children gain 0.52 and 0.51 standard deviations relative to the control group on math and phonics tests, respectively (p<0.001). A year later effects persist, but math gains dissipate to 0.15 (p=0.06) and phonics to 0.13 (p=0.12). Effects appear to be mediated largely through instructional support by parents and not other parent investment mechanisms, such as more positive parentchild interactions or additional time spent on education at home beyond the intervention. Our results show that parents can be effective conduits of educational instruction even in lowresource settings.
Editorial: Centering Humanism In Stem Education, Desirée Forsythe, Sheila S. Jaswal, Bryan Dewsbury, Susannah Mcgowan
Editorial: Centering Humanism In Stem Education, Desirée Forsythe, Sheila S. Jaswal, Bryan Dewsbury, Susannah Mcgowan
Biology, Chemistry, and Environmental Sciences Faculty Books and Book Chapters
"To understand why this Research Topic exists, it is important to recall the original goal from our call for proposals: to reorient STEM researchers and practitioners to reconsider the actual purpose of the practice of teaching and learning. Bryan Dewsbury often invokes us in his writing and talks to understand our why. As educators, we wish to provide insights, practices, and proposed theories to reflect on our WHY in STEM education—from one instructor’s empathetic approach to understanding the undergraduate student experience in gateway courses to the cultural initiation ceremonies at the disciplinary level. These components of humanism and the lens …
A Step By Step Shoreline Attribute Analysis For Selected Waterbodies In The Gulf Of Mexico To Promote The Use Of Living Shorelines, Christoper Boyd, Xutong Niu, Taylor R. Horn
A Step By Step Shoreline Attribute Analysis For Selected Waterbodies In The Gulf Of Mexico To Promote The Use Of Living Shorelines, Christoper Boyd, Xutong Niu, Taylor R. Horn
The Journal of Extension
Living Shorelines are being promoted by coastal extension professionals as a more resilient naturebased solution to control shoreline erosion. The Virginia Institute of Marine Sciences Living Shorelines Suitability Model was run in selected waterbodies within the Gulf of Mexico.
The locations of the selected water bodies, coastal data sets used, and shoreline protection recommendations generated by the Model are presented. A stepbystep statistical analysis conducted through ArcGIS Pro from these selected coastal shorelines will illustrate how extension professionals with novice GIS experience can use the model output to promote living shorelines to coastal property owners, city managers, and developers.
Mathematical Modeling, Analysis, And Simulation Of Patient Addiction Journey, Adan Baca, Diego Gonzalez, Alonso G. Ogueda, Holly C. Matto, Padmanabhan Seshaiyer
Mathematical Modeling, Analysis, And Simulation Of Patient Addiction Journey, Adan Baca, Diego Gonzalez, Alonso G. Ogueda, Holly C. Matto, Padmanabhan Seshaiyer
CODEE Journal
This paper aims to develop a mathematical model to study the dynamics of addiction as individuals go through their detox journey. The motivation for this work is three fold. First, there has been a significant increase in drug overdose and drug addiction following the COVID19 pandemic, and addiction may be interpreted as a infectious disease. Secondly, the dynamics of infectious disease could be modeled via compartmental models described by differential equations and one can therefore leverage the existing analytical and numerical methods to model addiction as a disease. Finally, the work helps to inform how mathematical models governed by differential …
Leveraging International LargeScale Assessments: Insights From An ItemWriting Professional Development Program For High School Mathematics Teachers, Mark Lester B. Garcia, Catherine P. VistroYu
Leveraging International LargeScale Assessments: Insights From An ItemWriting Professional Development Program For High School Mathematics Teachers, Mark Lester B. Garcia, Catherine P. VistroYu
Mathematics Faculty Publications
The Philippine Department of Education, despite seeing minimal improvements in the country’s score and rankings in the recent cycles of international largescale assessments (ILSAs) such as TIMSS and PISA, maintained that it shall continue to participate in ILSAs to monitor the progress of educational effectiveness and benchmark with other countries by observing and adopting commendable practices. While legislators and other stakeholders push for increased financial resources in the education sector as part of the country’s preparations for upcoming ILSAs, one crucial aspect that is largely overlooked is teacher training. This paper presents a viable yet contentious way of upskilling teachers …
7th International Conference On Creative Mathematical Sciences Communication (Cmsc`24), Frances A. Rosamond
7th International Conference On Creative Mathematical Sciences Communication (Cmsc`24), Frances A. Rosamond
Journal of Humanistic Mathematics
The 7th International Creative Mathematical Sciences Communication (CMSC) conference is scheduled for October 2024 in Trier, Germany. Initiated in Darwin, Australia in 2013, CMSC aims to explore novel methods of imparting computational thinking to diverse audiences including nonspecialists, modern citizens, and children. Participants from around the world and from various and interdisciplinary disciplines such as science, education, dance, drama, and visual arts convene to exchange ideas, present experimental approaches, and collaborate on engaging children in the exploration of ongoing, unresolved research challenges.
The Value Of Adding Nothing: A Call For ReformOriented Polynomial Division, Jonathan Clark, Jeneva Clark
The Value Of Adding Nothing: A Call For ReformOriented Polynomial Division, Jonathan Clark, Jeneva Clark
Journal of Humanistic Mathematics
The call to implement reform practices in schools reflects the historical turn away from the behaviorist theory of learning in education. Yet the praxis of this turn remains a significant challenge, particularly within mathematics classrooms where procedural memorization is emphasized. In this article, we show one means of how to advance our pursuit of meaningful mathematics into polynomial division. Building on the literature for reformbased division methods, an alternative to the long division algorithm will be explored that relies solely on adding zero and fundamental algebraic principles.
Sociomathematical Norms And Automated Proof Checking In Mathematical Education: Reflections And Experiences, Merlin Carl
Sociomathematical Norms And Automated Proof Checking In Mathematical Education: Reflections And Experiences, Merlin Carl
Journal of Humanistic Mathematics
According to a widely held view, mathematical proofs are essentially (indications of) formal derivations, and thus in principle mechanically checkable (this view is defended, for example, by Azzouni [3]). This should in particular hold for the kind of simple proof exercises typically given to students of mathematics learning to write proofs. If that is so, then automated proof checking should be an attractive option for math education at the undergraduate level. An opposing view would be that mathematical proofs are social objects and that what constitutes a mathematical proof can thus not be separated from the social context in which …
We Think, We Smell, We Remember: The Effect Of Smell On Memory For Chemistry Lab Learning, Michael A. Marino, Francine Wisnewski, Catherine Reilly, Andre Alexis
We Think, We Smell, We Remember: The Effect Of Smell On Memory For Chemistry Lab Learning, Michael A. Marino, Francine Wisnewski, Catherine Reilly, Andre Alexis
Faculty Presentations: BCES
The traditional five senses are the primary receptors of external stimuli for the brain. While tactile learning and visual observations are integral to the chemistry laboratory, olfaction is a sense that should be considered part of an educator's repertoire. Previous studies have discovered that our sense of smell plays a significant role in triggering memories. Moreover, specific scents like vanillin can prompt anamneses to recall previous experiences. A sample of 61 college students was employed for a threeweek pretestposttest control group experimental design. In the first week, participants conducted a chemical reaction to synthesize isoamyl acetate, the familiar and nontoxic …
Numerical Issues For A NonAutonomous Logistic Model, Marina Mancuso, Kaitlyn M. Martinez, Carrie Manore, Fabio Milner
Numerical Issues For A NonAutonomous Logistic Model, Marina Mancuso, Kaitlyn M. Martinez, Carrie Manore, Fabio Milner
CODEE Journal
The userfriendly aspects of standardized, builtin numerical solvers in
computational software aid in the simulations of many problems solved using
differential equations. The tendency to trust output from builtin numerical
solvers may stem from their easeofuse or the user’s unfamiliarity with the
inner workings of the numerical methods. Here, we show a case where the
most frequently used and trusted builtin numerical methods in Python’s
SciPy library produce incorrect, inconsistent, and even unstable approxima
tions for a the nonautonomous logistic equation, which is used to model
biological phenomena across a variety of disciplines. Some of the most com
monly used …
Student Perceptions: How Stem Students Value Belonging Interventions, Elizabeth Runkel Baez
Student Perceptions: How Stem Students Value Belonging Interventions, Elizabeth Runkel Baez
University Honors Theses
With the prioritization of increasing Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics (STEM) graduates in the United States, researchers have become increasingly interested in how to promote STEM students' sense of belonging. Sense of belonging is considered a marker of persistence in STEM. Facilitated 'belonging interventions' are one way to strengthen a sense of belonging amongst STEM students. How students respond to, value, and understand these belonging interventions is relatively understudied. In this study, focus groups were conducted with STEM students from a single university to investigate how they value an inclass belonging activity. Qualitative thematic coding of focus group responses revealed …
Community Science As Adult Learning: Using Theory To Understand Volunteers’ Experiences, Lauren Vilen, Jill Zarestky
Community Science As Adult Learning: Using Theory To Understand Volunteers’ Experiences, Lauren Vilen, Jill Zarestky
Adult Education Research Conference
This study explores volunteer learning in an online community science program. Findings indicate alignment with selfdirected and experiential learning theory, with implications for learner feedback and engagement.
A Microgenetic Learning Analysis Of Contextuality In Reasoning About Exponential Modeling, Elahe Allahyari
A Microgenetic Learning Analysis Of Contextuality In Reasoning About Exponential Modeling, Elahe Allahyari
Dissertations
This work explores the complex cognitive processes students engage in when addressing contextual tasks requiring linear and exponential models. Grounded within Piagetian constructivism and the Knowledge in Pieces (KiP) epistemological perspective (diSessa, 1993, 2018), this empirical study in a clinical setting develops a Microgenetic Learning Analysis (MLA) of the reasoning of 14 students from an Algebra II course. It reveals the critical role of cognitive disequilibrium as an essential cognitive state for conceptual development and the process of reorganizing knowledge systems. The study uncovers the fluctuations in students’ reasoning patterns and the significant impact on students’ reasoning patterns of taskspecific …
Linear Ode Systems Having A Fundamental Matrix Of The Form F(Mt), Kevin L. Shirley, Vicky W. Klima
Linear Ode Systems Having A Fundamental Matrix Of The Form F(Mt), Kevin L. Shirley, Vicky W. Klima
CODEE Journal
We interweave scaffolded problem statements with exposition and examples to support the reader as they explore specific linear systems of differential equations with variable coefficients, $\vec{x}'(t)=A(t)\vec{x}(t)$ and initial value $\vec{x}(0)$. We begin with a constant $n\times n$ matrix $M$ and a real or complexvalued function $f$, analytic at the eigenvalues of $M$ with $f(0) = 1$, and construct a linear system of differential equations with solutions $x(t)=f(Mt)\vec{x}(0)$, where $t$ is a parameter in some interval including zero. In general, the solutions to the resulting nonautonomous system are more difficult to analyze than solutions to the constant coefficient case. However, some …
Engaging Students In Partial Differential Equations Through Modeling Fourier's Law Of Conduction, Justin G. Trulen, Kayla Keller, John Sinclair, Lauren Meagher
Engaging Students In Partial Differential Equations Through Modeling Fourier's Law Of Conduction, Justin G. Trulen, Kayla Keller, John Sinclair, Lauren Meagher
CODEE Journal
In an effort to make active learning exercises in a partial differential equations course, we present a student activity modeling Fourier's law of conduction under the framework of the heat equation. An overview of the heat equation, including several avenues of study, is provided. Then we give an intuitive way of constructing the heat equation from a couple of fundamental properties of physics including Fourier's law of conduction. We outline an experiment that can be run to collect their own data to model Fourier's law of conduction as well as provide data we collected. We conclude with a student activity …
Differential Equations For Modeling Pathways Leading To Diabetes Onset, Viktoria Savatorova, Aleksei Talonov
Differential Equations For Modeling Pathways Leading To Diabetes Onset, Viktoria Savatorova, Aleksei Talonov
CODEE Journal
This paper presents a mathematical model that explains potential pathways leading to diabetes onset. By utilizing a system of nonlinear differential equations to describe the dynamics of the glucose regulatory system, the model can serve as a pedagogical tool for teaching and learning differential equations, dynamical systems, mathematical modeling, and introduction to biomathematics. Within this framework, students can analyze equilibrium solutions, investigate stability, assess parameter sensitivity, and explore the potential for bifurcations. Theoretical analysis is complemented by illustrative numerical examples. Instructors have the flexibility to adapt and incorporate suggested activities according to their teaching preferences and objectives.
A Comparison Of Assessment Experiences Between StandardsBased Practices And Traditional Practices Within Secondary Mathematics Classrooms, Emily Mayes
Honors Theses
The purpose of this research was to compare assessment experiences and find ways to improve those experiences for students in two mathematics classrooms: one classroom that employs StandardsBased Grading and one classroom that uses traditional grading practices. The research examines students’ perceptions regarding their level of preparation, their anxiety levels surrounding assessment, the validity of assessments, and using assessments and grading practices to give accurate indications of student progress in their learning, given the students’ perceptions. Students in both settings voluntarily and anonymously participated in completing pre and postassessment freeresponse surveys which asked questions about students’ assessment experiences. This research …
Using Student Interests To Explore Inclusion In Undergraduate Chemistry, Sonja Hoversten
Using Student Interests To Explore Inclusion In Undergraduate Chemistry, Sonja Hoversten
CSB and SJU Distinguished Thesis
For students who are not chemistry majors, but who are on a career track requiring four chemistry courses, taking the final reactivity chemistry course (CHEM 251) for prehealth students can be daunting. For this reason, this research is focused on the CHEM 251 course at The College of Saint Benedict and Saint John’s University (CSBSJU) which is one of the four required chemistry courses for premedicine and some prephysician assistant students, and all chemistry and biochemistry majors. Student perception of inclusion in the course increased through the implementation of group assignments including prompts for individual application of the material. The …
Conceptual Understanding Of Linear Relationships Across Various Mathematics Courses, Melissa Manley
Conceptual Understanding Of Linear Relationships Across Various Mathematics Courses, Melissa Manley
Theses and Dissertations
This crosssectional study investigated the conceptual understanding of linear relationships for 195 students enrolled in a single school in a large, urban district across five mathematics courses: Grade 7 Math (n = 24), Grade 8 Math (n = 52), Geometry (n = 43), Algebra 1 (n = 31), and Algebra 2 (n = 45). The following questions guided this study: (1) What differences exist in students’ conceptual understanding of linear relationships across mathematics courses? (2) What are common strengths and weaknesses in students’ conceptual understanding of linear relationships?
An assessment was created to assess three constructs of conceptual understanding of …
A Compilation, Analysis, And Categorization Of 403 Atmospheric And Climate Science Misconceptions, Haeli Leighty
A Compilation, Analysis, And Categorization Of 403 Atmospheric And Climate Science Misconceptions, Haeli Leighty
Department of Earth and Atmospheric Sciences: Dissertations, Theses, and Student Research
The National Association of Geoscience Teachers (NAGT) has listed the inaccessibility of research related to misconceptions in atmospheric and climate science as a Geoscience Education Research Grand Challenge (Cervato et al. 2018). This project was a direct response to this call for research and consisted of three distinct steps: 1) data gathering, which included reviewing the literature for relevant misconception data, 2) a qualitative analysis, which included compiling, organizing, and categorizing the data collected, and 3) a quantitative analysis, which included determining the prevalence of each misconception across topic categories, demographic categories, and over time. A total of 403 misconceptions …
Key Benefits Of Small Group Instruction For Diverse Learners, Lydia Mcevoy
Key Benefits Of Small Group Instruction For Diverse Learners, Lydia Mcevoy
Master's Theses
Utilizing a mixed method approach this research study investigated the effects of small group instruction on the learning of diverse learners. Informed by a preliminary literature review that supports the use of smallgroup instruction, the researcher conducted a smallscale action research project to focus on three diverse learners in a 1stgrade classroom over four weeks. One of the findings of this project shows that small group instruction helps promote social and emotional skills as students feel more comfortable interacting with peers in a small group rather than in a whole group. Another finding indicates that students feel more encouraged by …
Student SelfEfficacy And Attitude In Organic Chemistry: A Comparison Of Two Pedagogical Approaches, Matthew Autry
Student SelfEfficacy And Attitude In Organic Chemistry: A Comparison Of Two Pedagogical Approaches, Matthew Autry
Arts & Sciences Electronic Theses and Dissertations
No abstract provided.
Using The History Of Statistics To Teach Introductory Statistics, Melissa Hansen
Using The History Of Statistics To Teach Introductory Statistics, Melissa Hansen
All Graduate Reports and Creative Projects, Fall 2023 to Present
While often taught in high school and required as part of a college degree, statistics classes are sometimes viewed by students as an obstacle rather than a support for their overall goals. One way to increase student engagement in a statistics course is to use the history of statistics. Within the literature review, the advantages to using the history of statistics are discussed as well as the more extensive research on using the history of mathematics in mathematics courses. Included are instructional strategies for using the context around the development of mathematical ideas in math classrooms which can be extended …
An Investigation Into Problem Solving In The Calculus Iii Classroom, Joseph Godinez
An Investigation Into Problem Solving In The Calculus Iii Classroom, Joseph Godinez
Honors College
The importance of tertiary education has grown to new heights, especially in the United States. A critical component of successful modern professionals remains the ability to employ problemsolving strategies and techniques. This study seeks to investigate initial problemsolving strategies employed by postsecondary students enrolled in Calculus II when presented with problems common to integral calculus. In person pairwise interviews were conducted asking six participants to sort integrals into categories based on the technique they would use to solve it. Participant responses were analyzed using a concept image composed of general and topicspecific symbolic forms, related conceptual images and concept definitions, …
How To Explain AllenManandhar’S Method To Beginner Mathematicians : A Convergence Analysis Of A Hybrid Method For VariableCoefficient Boundary Value Problems, Rebecca Scariano
How To Explain AllenManandhar’S Method To Beginner Mathematicians : A Convergence Analysis Of A Hybrid Method For VariableCoefficient Boundary Value Problems, Rebecca Scariano
Honors Theses
In this project, analogies are employed to make complex math concepts approachable to beginners who may only have a basic understanding of calculus and linear algebra. Serving as the focal point of this project, AllenManandhar’s method solves an equation, known as an ordinary differential equation (ODE). The mentioned equation with its coefficients is comparable to a pie recipe with ingredients. With the outcome to a recipe seen as its solution, the solution to our pie recipe is a perfectly baked pie, as in without error. The chosen method for baking a pie then classifies as its baking approach that when …
Predictors Of Student Success In CollegeLevel General Chemistry, Elijah J. Engler, Clarice Ak Kelleher
Predictors Of Student Success In CollegeLevel General Chemistry, Elijah J. Engler, Clarice Ak Kelleher
Binghamton University Undergraduate Journal
Success in collegelevel general chemistry is important because it is a required course for many different STEM majors and student success in early STEM classes correlates with retention of students in STEM. Identifying factors associated with success and failure can give educators a better understanding of the warning signs to look out for in struggling students. This paper compares factors and behaviors with final grades in general chemistry courses at Binghamton University, including adjectives selected from a word bank (“valued,” “supported,” etc.), resources used, and opinion on group work as it relates to learning. Correlations were found between student adjective …
Uni Introduction To High School Openscied Workshop [Flier] April 13, 2024, University Of Northern Iowa Science Education Program.
Uni Introduction To High School Openscied Workshop [Flier] April 13, 2024, University Of Northern Iowa Science Education Program.
Science Education Update Conference Documents
The flier for the Introduction to High School OpenSciEd Workshop held on April 13, 2024 at the University of Northern Iowa.
Uni Science Education Update Conference [Program] April 12, 2024, University Of Northern Iowa Science Education Program.
Uni Science Education Update Conference [Program] April 12, 2024, University Of Northern Iowa Science Education Program.
Science Education Update Conference Documents
he program for the Science Education Update Conference held on April 12, 2024 at the University of Northern Iowa.