[NTG-context] Typesetting unicode characters

Thangalin thangalin at gmail.com
Thu Mar 31 10:06:27 CEST 2022


On the rare chance that someone else stumbles across this problem ...

By default, Java's Xalan transformer for creating XML documents does not
correctly encode emojis. Instead of 👍 for the thumbs up emoji,
Xalan encodes it as ��. As Arthur pointed out, this is not a
valid entity encoding.

One solution is to use Saxonica's Saxon 11 transformer, which produces the
expected output:

  <html>
    <head><meta charset="utf8"/></head>
    <body>
      <p id="caret">the 👍 emoji</p>
    </body>
  </html>

In Java, switching to Saxon entails installing the Jar files for Saxonica
and its resolvers. Then set the system property before invoking the XML
transformer: System.setProperty( "javax.xml.transform.TransformerFactory",
"net.sf.saxon.TransformerFactoryImpl" );

ConTeXt handles the emoji from the transformed XML file without any issues.

Thank you, Arthur.
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