[NTG-context] LMTX isn't typesetting math correctly with Pagella

Hans Hagen j.hagen at xs4all.nl
Sun Jan 17 22:00:01 CET 2021


On 1/16/2021 12:33 AM, Hans Hagen wrote:
> On 1/15/2021 1:33 PM, Jack Hill wrote:
>> Hi,
>>
>> I've been having some trouble with ConTeXt not typesetting math 
>> correctly when using the Pagella font (I do not know if the same issue 
>> occurs with other fonts as I haven't tested them).
>>
>> If I compile with LMTX, the spacing between letters becomes very small 
>> so that when I type "|f|", for example, the second "|" intersects the 
>> f and looks rather ugly. However, compiling with the --luatex switch 
>> fixes these issues and the math looks nice again.
>>
>> Can anybody else replicate this issue, and does anybody know why it is 
>> happening?
>>
>> This the code I used to test:
>>
>> |\setupbodyfont[pagella] \starttext \startformula |f| = \sqrt{\int_0^1 
>> |f(t)|^2 \text{d}t} \stopformula \stoptext |||
> I'll check it ... smells like some interference between newer and older 
> corrections (these gyre fonts need some special treatment).
I uploaded lmtx.

Here is the story about math:

- there is traditional math, the 8 bit fonts (from Don Knuth)
- and there is opentype math (originating at Microsoft)

the eight bit fonts are all modelled after the cmr fonts so they have 
the same set of parameters, the same assumptions about family 2 and 3, 
use the same width/height/depth trickery

one thing is that they lie about the width: the italic correction is 
subtracted from the width and the engine always adds it when a glyph is 
dealt with but then removes in some cases afterwards

in opentype we also have italic correction but that is applied in 
specific cases; there the shapes have a real width

(there are tricks to make fonts seen as opentype be treated as old 
school which work ok for virtual constructs that only use those 8 bit 
fonts but often fail for gyre fonts)

now, the gust foundation fonts are a mix: they are opentype, have its 
parameters and properties but have the wrong width and assume the italic 
hackery

the microsoft cambria font is the reference for opentype math (and to 
some extend microsoft word also is)

afaik xetex uses the old tex approach also for opentype so that is why 
probably the old width approach works ok there but i never looked into 
it; cambria is an opentype font but probably seldom used so side effects 
will go unnoticed, also, texies often have no problem blaming microsoft, 
even when they got it right; of course we have to admit that 'moving 
forward wrt math fonts' didn't come from our community so we just have 
to follow

now, when we move on (with context + luametatex) to a variants font 
scaling model, i need to adapt the math machinery to deal with that ... 
this can have side effects as you noticed but these will be dealt with 
(or fixed when something is wrong)

in context we have font goodies that can handle this (widths, kerns etc) 
and we do so for at least the 'f' which also has a strange left offset 
... i now adapted that to also serve the new (compact context font) 
model and also make sure that the smaller sizes for mkiv are handled; we 
can add more in those files, but that's also a (math) user effort

to be decided is of we use the feature setting "mathkerns=yes" (this was 
a directive but i made it just a feature)

Now, ideally:

    \enableexperiments[fonts.compact] % for the definitions

should give nearly similar results (but less mem usage, less fonts 
loaded and possibly some performance gain)

I also updated some test features:

    \definefontfeature[mathextra][staircase=yes,boundingbox=frame]

as part of the general lmtx upgrading process. Only cambria (and lucida) 
have these staircase kerns and e.g. pagella and friends have a few 
defined in the font goodies but one has to do something liek this:

 
\definefontfeature[mathextra][mathkerns=yes,staircase=yes,boundingbox=frame]

more such tracers will be added in due time (and some old ones will go 
away as they lost their purpose).

Hans


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