[NTG-context] Units of xpart and ypart of a pair in MetaFun

Keith McKay mckaymeister at gmail.com
Thu Nov 26 16:09:47 CET 2020


I have been using xpart and ypart to extract these values from pairs of 
points in a path but I wasn't getting the correct result. I was expecting:

pair (2cm, 11cm) to give xpart 2 and ypart 11

However I was getting:

pair (2cm, 11cm) -> xpart 56.6929 and ypart 311.8096

After much head scratching and reading the MetaPost and MetaFun manuals, 
I realised that the units of xpart or ypart are in Postcript points or 
Big Points (bp), and 1 bp is 1/72 of an inch, and thus to get the values 
of xpart or ypart in cm I would have to use a correction factor. I had 
made the assumption that since the x and ypart in the pair was in cm 
that the result would be in cm, but I see now that this is not the case. 
Will I have to continue doing this or is there some magic within MetaFun 
which takes account of the units in a pair and outputs the result of x 
and ypart in the same units?

The MWE belows shows what I have been doing.


Keith McKay

%%% MWE %%%

\setuppapersize [A5, landscape][A4, portrait]





width := PaperWidth ; height := PaperHeight ; unit := cm ;

numeric squig;

pair a[]; a0 = (2cm,11cm); a1 = (4cm,10cm); a2 = (6cm,9cm); a3 = (8cm,8cm);

show xpart a[0], ypart a[0]; %Example of result from x and ypart before 
applying correction factor (cf) %

cf := 72/2.54; %Converts points/in to points/cm%

path pp;

for i = 0 step 1 until 3:

pp := ((xpart a[i])/cf*cm, (ypart a[i])/cf*cm);

for squig = 1 step 1 until 15:

xcoord := uniformdeviate(1) - 0.5 + (xpart a[i]/cf);

ycoord := uniformdeviate(1) - 0.5+ (ypart a[i]/cf);

pp := pp .. {curl 100}(xcoord*cm, ycoord*cm);


pp := pp --- cycle;

if i < 3 :

pp := pp --- ((xpart a[i+1]/cf)*cm, (ypart a[i+1])/cf*cm);


f :=((1.4 - 0.6) * uniformdeviate(1)) + 0.8; % Factor to lighten/darken 
colour %

draw pp withpen pencircle xscaled 0.5mm yscaled .1mm rotated 45 
withcolor (f[white,\MPcolor{BurntSienna}]);






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