[NTG-context] Changing decimals points to Persian ones via font features

Mohammad Hossein Bateni bateni at gmail.com
Mon Aug 1 15:46:34 CEST 2016

Dear list,

I want to add a customized font feature to the math font, to automatically
change the decimal point (unicode 0x2E) to the Arabic/Farsi version
(unicode 0x66B).  This will go well with the mapping from Latin digits to
Farsi digits (done in a sample with mathdigits fallback).

For instance, I want to code in $123.45$ and get a result like ۱۲۳٫۴۵.
However, I do not want to simply map 0x2E to 0x66B, because then "full
stop" outside a number will also change.  In particular, I'd like to have
the mapping only when full-stop is preceded and succeeded by a digit.  This
will, among other things, leave the end-of-equation periods unchanged.

Here is how I tried to achieve it.

digits = { 0x30, 0x31, 0x32, 0x33, 0x34, 0x35, 0x36, 0x37, 0x38, 0x39 }
-- 0x66B instead of 0x2F gives an error!
replacements = { [0x002E] = { 0x2F } }
fonts.handlers.otf.addfeature {
  name = "mpf",
  type = "chainsubstitution",
  lookups = { {
    type = "multiple",
    data = replacements,
  } },
  data = {
    rules = {
        current = { { 0x002E } },
        after   = { digits },
        before  = { digits },
        lookups = { 1 },


\resetfontfallback [mathdigits]





Though this font feature works outside math, it does not seem to have any
effect within the math font.  Why is that?  Can we add font feature to the
math font?  Are the character codes different?

Notice that I could not get it to work, so I commented out the fallback for
Persian digits, to make things simpler.  To get the proof of concept, I am
trying to change period to forward slash (see below).

Is the syntax I use for having two features in \defontfontsynonym correct?
Actually, I did try with only mathperiod and it does not work, either.

When I change 0x2F (slash) to 0x066B in "replacements", I get an error as

fonts           > otf chain > feature 'mpf', type 'gsub_contextchain',
chain lookup 'mpf': rule 1 matches at char U+0002E (period) for (1,1,1)
chars, lookuptype 'gsub_multiple'

error: ...ext/tex/texmf-context/tex/context/base/mkiv/font-ots.lua:1232:
attempt to index field '?' (a nil value)

tex error       > tex error on line 1 in file
/Users/bateni/farsitex/context/bostan/examples/mathfa/1.tex: ?

\page ->\par
             \dosingleempty \page_breaks_process
\strc_pagenumbers_flush_final_page ...\else \page
\dostoptext ...\strc_pagenumbers_flush_final_page
                                                  \page \the \everystoptext
l.1 \dostoptext

\clf_stoptext ->\luafunction \16>>clf_stoptext

l.46 \stoptext

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