Sorry for my first post, I have misunderstood the problem...

I have checked your example with texexec --dvi + viewing it in xdvi: no problem at all...

The complete log to see what happened:

renaud@rescue:~/ConTeXt/temp$ texexec --dvi test
TeXExec | processing document 'test'
TeXExec | no ctx file found
TeXExec | tex processing method: context
TeXExec | TeX run 1
TeXExec | writing option file
TeXExec | tex engine: pdfetex
TeXExec | tex format: cont-en
TeXExec | progname: context
This is pdfeTeX, Version 3.141592-1.30.6-2.2 (Web2C 7.5.5)
 \write18 enabled.
entering extended mode

ConTeXt  ver: 2006.05.18 20:03  fmt: 2006.5.23  int: english  mes: english

language        : language en is active
<protectionstate 0>
system          : cont-new loaded
systems         : beware: some patches loaded from cont-new.tex
color           : palette rollover is available
system          : cont-old loaded
loading         : Context Old Macros
system          : cont-fil loaded
loading         : Context File Synonyms
system          : cont-sys loaded
bodyfont        : 12pt rm is loaded
language        : patterns nl->texnansi:texnansi->1->2:3 nl->ec:ec->2->2:3 fr->
texnansi:texnansi->3->2:3 fr->ec:ec->4->2:3 de->texnansi:texnansi->5->2:3 de->e
c:ec->6->2:3 it->texnansi:texnansi->7->2:3 it->ec:ec->8->2:3 pt->texnansi:texna
nsi->9->2:3 pt->ec:ec->10->2:3 hr->ec:ec->11->2:3 pl->pl0:pl0->12->2:3 pl->ec:e
c->13->2:3 pl->qx:qx->14->2:3 cz->il2:il2->15->2:3 cz->ec:ec->16->2:3 sk->il2:i
l2->17->2:3 sk->ec:ec->18->2:3 sl->ec:ec->19->2:3 en->ec:ec->21->2:3 uk->ec:ec-
>22->2:3 us->ec:ec->23->2:3 agr->agr:agr->24->2:3 da->ec:ec->25->2:3 sv->ec:ec-
>26->2:3 af->ec:ec->27->2:3 no->ec:ec->28->2:3 deo->ec:ec->29->2:3 es->ec:ec->3
0->2:3 ca->ec:ec->31->2:3 la->ec:ec->32->2:3 ro->ec:ec->33->2:3 tr->ec:ec->34->
2:3 fi->ec:ec->36->2:3 hu->ec:ec->37->2:3 loaded
specials        : tex,postscript,rokicki loaded
system          : loaded
specials        : loading definition file dvi
specials        : tex loaded
specials        : loading definition file ps
specials        : tex,postscript loaded
specials        : loading definition file tr
specials        : tex,postscript,rokicki loaded
systems         : system commands are enabled
(./test.tuo) (./test.tuo) (./test.tuo) (./test.tuo) (./test.tuo) (./test.tuo)
(./test.tuo) (./test.tuo) (./test.tuo) (./test.tuo) (./test.tuo) (./test.tuo)
systems         : begin file test at line 5
fonts           : resetting map file list
fonts           : using map file: original-base
fonts           : using map file: ec-public-lm
fonts           : using map file: ec-base
fonts           : using map file: 8r-base
fonts           : using map file: t5-base
fonts           : using map file: original-ams-base
fonts           : using map file: original-public-lm
systems         : end file test at line 8
Output written on test.dvi (1 page, 396 bytes).
Transcript written on test.log.
TeXUtil | parsing file
TeXUtil | shortcuts : 0
TeXUtil | expansions: 0
TeXUtil | reductions: 0
TeXUtil | divisions : 0
TeXUtil | loaded files: 1
TeXUtil | commands: 17
TeXUtil | programs: 0
TeXUtil | tuo file saved
This is dvips(k) 5.95a Copyright 2005 Radical Eye Software (
' TeX output 2006.05.31:1339' ->
<><lm-ec.enc><>. <lmr12.pfb>[1]
TeXExec | runtime: 0.805801

xdvi does't complain about pk fonts at all... but I cannot say more about xdvi since I don't use it...

I've just found that
=> xdvi can use t1 fonts ;)

Hans Hagen a écrit :
Jean Magnan de Bornier wrote:
Hi all,
On a fresh installed done following (very exactly),
I get the following message with this :
\oe \"a

kpathsea: Running mktexpk --mfmode / --bdpi 600 --mag 1+0/600 --dpi 600 ec-lmr12
mktexpk: don't know how to create bitmap font for ec-lmr12.
kpathsea: Appending font creation commands to missfont.log.
xdvi: Can't find pixel font ec-lmr12; using cmr10 instead at 600 dpi.
xdvi-motif.bin: Warning: Character 224 not defined in font cmr10
xdvi-motif.bin: Warning: Character 233 not defined in font cmr10
xdvi-motif.bin: Warning: Character 232 not defined in font cmr10
xdvi-motif.bin: Warning: Character 231 not defined in font cmr10
xdvi-motif.bin: Warning: Character 249 not defined in font cmr10
xdvi-motif.bin: Warning: Character 247 not defined in font cmr10
xdvi-motif.bin: Warning: Character 228 not defined in font cmr10

Something's obviously missing in my install ... but what?
i dunno where xdvi gets its info from, but it should use latin modern 
instead of cmr but then, there are no mf sources of latin modern; can 
xdvi use type 1 fonts?

(is there a reason why you use xdvi?)